Pool Cleaning Procedures
There are a few basic procedures that are
efficient and save time which any one can follow. Determining the surface
composition before starting the cleanup procedure.
Deck and Cover
Remove as much debris as possible from the pool or spa deck and
cover before removing it. A quick sweep or hosing can remove the debris near the
pool. If the cover is a floating type without a roller system, be sure to fold
or place it on a clean surface. Otherwise, when you put it back in place it will
drag leaves, grass, or dirt into the pool. If it is a mechanized cover system,
any small amount of standing water on top of the cover will slide off as you
roll it up. If there is greater amount of water motor will be laboring, so you
will need to use the water removal pump. Also be careful to avoid abrasive or
sharp surfaces as you drag the cover off of the pool.
Dirt floating on the surface of the water is easier to remove than to remove
it from the bottom. Remove floating debris off the surface, using a leaf rake
and telepole. As the net fills, empty it into a trash can or plastic garbage
bag. Do not empty your skimming debris into the garden or on the lawn for the
debris is likely to blow right back into the pool as soon as it dries out.
There is no particular method to skim, but as you do, scrape the tile line,
which acts as a magnet for small bits of leaves and dirt. The rubber-plastic
edge gasket on the professional leaf rake will prevent scratching the tile.
If there is scum or general dirt on the water surface, squirt a quick shot
of tile soap over the length of the pool. The soap will spread the scum toward
the edges of the pool, making it more concentrated and easier to skim off.
Always do the tiles first. Dirt falls from the tiles as they
are being cleaned and settles to the bottom of the pool. If you need to remove
stubborn stains with a pumice stone, the pumice itself breaks down as you scrub,
depositing debris on the bottom.
Use the tile soap and tile brush to
clean the tiles. Apply a squirt of tile soap directly to the brush and start
scrubbing. To remove stubborn stains and oils, mix one part muriatic acid to
five parts of soap. When cleaning tile, scrub below the waterline as well as
above. Evaporation and refilling can change the water line. Never use really
abrasive brushes or scouring pads to clean tiles they may cause scratches.
If you add an inch or so of water to the pool each time
you service it, you will probably keep up with normal evaporation. If you wait a
few weeks until the level is several inches low, it will take hours to fill.
Never leave the water on to fill by itself for it may take longer and most
likely you may forget to turn it off.
After rains you might need to lower
the pool level. In this case, use your submersible pump and a backwash hose or
spare vacuum hose for the discharge. Alternatively, you can run the pool
circulation system and turn the valves to waste. If you use this method,
remember to return the valves to normal circulation.
Checking your equipment and maintaining your support system is best way to
solve the small corrective problems.
Start by circulation system by
following the path of the water. Clean out the pool's skimmer basket and
Emptying the contents of the skimmer basket into your trash can or garbage bag.
Next, open the pump strainer basket and clean it. Check the pressure of the
filter. There is no point in checking it before cleaning out the skimmer and
strainer baskets, because if they are full the filter pressure will be low and
will come back up after cleaning the baskets. If the pressure is high, the
filter might need cleaning.
Now check the heater for leaves or debris.
Turn the heater on and off a few times to make sure it is operating properly.
While the heater is running, turn the pump off. The heater should shut off by
itself when the pressure from the pump drops. This is an important safety check.
Now check the time clock for the time of the day ; setting for the daily
filter runs; setting for the cleaner's clock. Always check the clocks because
trippers come loose and power fluctuations or some service work on household
items unrelated to the pool can also affect the clocks. Also, electromechanical
time clocks are not exactly precision instruments. One might run slightly faster
than another, so over a few weeks one might show a difference of an hour or
more, upsetting your planned timing schedule.
After the equipment check,
look for leaks or other early signs of equipment failure. Clean up the equipment
area by removing leaves from around the motor vents and heater to prevent fires,
and clear deck drains of debris that could prevent water from draining away from
the equipment during rain.
If the pool is not dirty,
simply brush the walls and bottom, skipping the vacuuming completely. If the
pool or spa is dirty, however, you have two ways to clean it: vacuuming to the
filter or vacuuming with the leafmaster.
Vacuum to filter
collected from the pool or spa is sent to the filter of the circulation system.
This is Vacuuming to filter.
Run the circulation system correctly and
that all suction is concentrated at the skimmer port. Use your skimmer diverter
for this process if dealing with a single port skimmer. If the system includes
valves for diversion of suction between the main drain and the skimmer, close
the main drain valve completely and turn the open skimmer valve completely . If
there are two skimmers in the pool, close off one by covering the skimmer
suction port with a tennis ball, there by increasing the suction in the other
one. On large pools, you might have to vacuum each half separately.
your vacuum head to the telepole and attach the vacuum hose to the vacuum head.
Slowly feed the hose straight down into the pool; water will fill the hose and
displace the air. When you have fed all the hose into the pool, there is water
at the other end.
To avoid draining the water from the hose keep it at water
level, slide the hose through the skimmer opening and into the skimmer. Attach
the hose to the diverter ( with two-port skimmers, insert the hose cuff into the
skimmer's suction port). The hose and vacuum head now have suction. The suction
port might be in the side of the pool below the skimmer in older pools. In this
case you might need to put tennis ball over the skimmer suction port to increase
the suction at the wall port. Make sure the hose does not contain a significant
amount of air for if air reaches the pump, you will lose prime. If this occurs,
remove the vacuum hose, re-prime the pump, then try again.
To Vacuum a pool
or spa, work your way around the bottom and sides of the pool. If the pool is
dirty, vacuum slowly to pick all the dirt, for moving the vacuum head too
quickly, will stir up the dirt rather than suck it into the vacuum. If the
suction is strong it sucks the vacuum head to the pool surfaces, then you need
to adjust the skimmer diverter or valves to reduce the flow. You might also need
to lower the wheels on the vacuum head, raising the vacuum head itself. If the
suction is weak, you might want to lower the vacuum head or you might need to
move the head more slowly around the pool to vacuum it thoroughly.
pool is very dirty, strainer basket or filter may be filled. When suction
becomes weak, stop vacuuming and empty the strainer basket or clean the filter.
If the pool contains both fine dirt and leaves, the leaves will clog the
strainer basket. You can use a leaf canister, which is an inline strainer that
collects the leaves and allows fine dirt to pass on to the filter.
spa operates on the same circulation system, as the swimming pool, simply lift
the vacuum out of the pool and immediately place it into the spa. Do this
quickly because while the vacuum is out of the water, air enters the hose,
causing it temporarily to lose suction. There should be enough water in the line
for it to re-prime itself.
When you are finished, remove the vacuum head from
the water. The suction will rapidly pull the water from the hose so it is
advisable to pull the vacuum head from the pool and the suction end of the hose
from the skimmer simultaneously, remove the hose from the water, and drain it on
After removing the equipment from the pool, check the pump strainer
basket and filter for any debris. Clean if needed. Replace the skimmer basket.
Vacuum to leafmaster
Leafmaster is used instead of the vacuum if the pool
is littered with leaves or heavy debris, then allowing the fine dirt to settle
and vacuuming to the filter.
A garden hose is attached to a water supply
and then to the leafmaster. Clip the leafmaster onto the telepole.
leafmaster in the pool. Turn on the water supply and vacuum, covering the pool
floor and walls. Because the leafmaster is large, you can move it quickly and
vacuum the pool, taking care not to stir up the debris either by the non
floating type of hose or by moving the leafmaster too fast. Emptying the bag
periodically may be needed if there is too much of dirt in the pool.
remove the leafmaster slowly by turning it slightly to one side from the water
to the surface for pulling it straight up will force the debris back into the
pool. Do not turn the water supply off before removing the leafmaster from the
pool, the loss of vacuum action can dump the collected debris back into the
pool. When the leafmaster is on the deck, turn off the water supply and clean
out the collection bag.
Brushing removes algae from surfaces
of pools or spas. If they are not very dirty, you can skip vacuuming but brush
the walls and bottom of the pool, starting from the shallow to the deep end.
Directing the dirt toward the main drain so it is sucked to the filter.
FOR--Bermuda Dunes, Cathedral City, Coachella, Indian Wells, Indio, La Quinta,
Palm Desert, Palm Springs, Rancho Mirage, Thousand Palms,